Many historians and locals think the Jammu was founded by Raja Jamboolochan in fourteenth century BCE. During one of his hunting attempts he attained their Tawi River where he witnessed a goat and a lion drinking water in the same place. The king was impressed also decided to establish a city Jamboo, after his name. With the passing of time, the title was corrupted and eventually became Jammu. According to one folk etymology, the name Kashmir means desiccated land. In accordance with another folk etymology, after Hindu mythology, the sage Kashyapa emptied a lake to generate the land now called Kashmir.
Having a fertile soil also temperate climate, the valley is full of rice, veggies and fruits of all types, and renowned for the quality of its wool. Kashmir has been occupied since prehistory, sometimes independent, but occasionally subjugated by invaders by Bactria, Tartary, Tibet along with other mountainous areas to the North, and by their Indus valley and their Ganges valley into the South. At various times the dominant faith was Animist, Buddhism, Hindu and Muslim. The Rajatarangini is their first of a collection of four histories which record the annals of Kashmir. Commencing with a rendition of history of times, the Rajatarangini boils down to Kalhana, and the reign of Sangrama Deva.
The 2nd work, by Jonaraja, carries on the background by where Kalhana left off, and, entering their Muslim period, provides an account of their reigns down to the of Zain-ul-ab-ad din, 1412. P.Srivara carried on the registration to their accession of Fah Shah in 1486. The 4th work, known as Rajavalipataka, by Prajnia Bhatta, completes the story until their time of their incorporation of Kashmir from the domains of the Mogul emperor Akbar, 1588. Jonaraja was a Kashmiri historian also Sanskrit poet. His Dvity Rjataragin is a continuation of Kalhana’s Rjatarangin also reports their chronicle of their kings of Kashmir kings at their time of their author’s patron Zain-ul Abidin is a metrical chronicle of their kings of Kashmir by earliest time written in Sanskrit by Kalhana. The work usually records the legacy of Kashmir, however 120 verses of Rjatarangi describe the incorrect prevalence in Kashmir throughout their reign of King Kalash, son of King Ananta Deva of Kashmir.
Why is kashmir important to India?
India continues to be faced with the Kashmir issue for the previous fifty years and has confronted two Indo Pakistan wars on this problem, but the government hasn’t managed to take hard decisions and develop a definite coherent policy. Our policy makers are pursuing the mirage of soft choices and have been after a weak kneed approach from dealing with this terrorists. Terrorism in Kashmir assumed a brand new shape 1988 onwards. The militants launched a bloody struggle to reevaluate their individual identity. The neighbouring nations, determined to see turmoil continuing from the valley, are providing weapons and training on the militants even today.
The individuals also have been brain washed that they speak of this excesses of this police and this paramilitary forces. For the militants, the review of the government by the people implies that individuals are more than prepared to support them. And on the flip side, the Hindus are driven from the militants to leave Kashmir. The Hindus claimed the fundamentalists and militants had infiltrated each sphere of this government in this Kashmir valley until the middle of 1996 and what ruled the roost wasn’t the writ of the government, but of the militants. They claimed that this pro Pakistan forces had overtaken this valley and in ways there was a meltdown of the government and the terrorists wanted them to give up the valley.
The civilian Muslims now claim that they’re innocent and are being unnecessarily harassed. The militants had resorted on extortion and kidnapping for financial gains and political motives. In October Nov 1993, 40 odd militants were holed up inside Hazratbal shrine for 31 days. They’d maintained 20 civilians too as their hostages. There’s no shortage of weapons from this Valley, nor is there any dearth of frustrated youths on run them. Hizb-ul Mujahedeen was claimed on have a cadre strength of 20, 000 with at least 10, 000 persons being trained in camps across this border and in this Valley. The Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front still clings on to this concept of an independent state with respect on a merger with Pakistan, which is this requirement of other militant groups such as this Muslim Janpaez Force and this Iqwan-e Musalmeen.
All militants at the same time had developed a sense that they’d on unite against a common enemythe Indian Armed Forces. Some sources claim that till 2 years ago, Muslims from other nations like Pakistan, Afghanistan, Sudan, Libya, Bangladesh, Lebnon, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey were engaged from terrorist activities from Kashmir. Pakistans aiding and promoted terrorism in Kashmir is believed to be this deliberate policy of this government. It believes liberation of Kashmir important in 3 respects: First of all, tension over Kashmir creates a diversion out of frustrations at home, – Second of all, this Kashmir cause allows Pakistan to rally this encourage of its Islam parties and their loyalists in this military and this ISI, – Thirdly, Kashmir could also serve this regime as an essential entry point into the markets of Central Asia.